Quitting smoking helps
July 18th 2005
indicates that people who quit smoking are more likely to keep their
teeth than their smoking counterparts, according to a study in the
Journal of Clinical Periodontology.
Researchers from the
University of Newcastle upon Tyne compared chronic gum disease between
the two groups and found smokers were up to six times more likely to
develop gum disease than those that quit.
It is possible that
smoking weakens the immune system making infections more probable. If
the body is unable to fight the bacteria that causes gum disease, teeth
may become loose and fall out. These diseases usually don’t cause pain,
so people are unaware that they have them.
with periodontitis who wished to quit smoking were recruited for the
study. Extent of disease was tabulated. The patients received
periodontal therapy for the first 3 months.
After 12 months, 10
had continuously quit smoking (20%) and 10 continued to smoke while six
“oscillated” (relapsed). The article states “There were no differences between the groups following treatment with
respect to mean clinical or radiographic parameters. Analysis of probing
depth reductions between baseline and month 12, however, and comparing
quitters with the other two groups combined, demonstrated a significant
difference in favour of quitters (p<0.05). Furthermore, quitters
were significantly more likely to demonstrate probing depth reductions.”
Dr. Philip Preshaw,
the lead researcher told the BBC “Dentists
have known for some time that smokers have worse oral and gum health
than non-smokers but for the first time we have shown that quitting
smoking together with routine gum treatment results in healthier gums.”
Best Syndication Staff Writer