blood pressure, as well as lipid tests, and an insulin test for diabetes
2. The result showed that these frequent restaurant eaters, had higher
blood pressure, lower levels of the HDL good cholesterol, and had
smaller LDL particle size which contributes to clogged arteries. The
used an insulin sensitivity test called QUICK1 and found that these same
children had lower scores on this test which is an early warning for the
onset of type-2 diabetes.
"Children who ate out more
frequently were not significantly more overweight than their peers who
ate out less frequently," Olson said. "But this might just reflect that
the dietary patterns have not yet had their full impact on body weight.
However, their diets and exercise patterns differed significantly from
the children eating at home more often."
The kids that ate at home more often
had slightly less sugar, sodium, fat and cholesterol in their diets.
The researchers donít believe that
it is just the restaurants to blame, but the lifestyle of food
preparation in the home as well.
"In a 21-meal week, eating out four
times shouldn't create the high-sugar, high-sodium, high-fat intake that
we saw," Olson said. "We think it's not just the eating out but the way
these children are eating all the time, with lots of frozen pizzas and
packaged macaroni and cheese on the days they eat at home."
The children that ate out more often
drank twice as many diet and regular soft drinks, sugary juice drinks
and punch. The children that ate out more often also were significantly
not as active as their peer group. These children spent 3.59 hours a
day in sedentary activities compared with 2.78 hours a day on the kids
who ate at home.
"I think what we've tapped into here
is a whole different lifestyle," said Bryan Hendricks, Ph.D., of the
University of Wisconsin in Madison who was the study statistician for
"As a culture, we say we value
physical activity and healthy eating, but in reality we're all about
convenience and convenience foods because we have such busy schedules,"
Best Syndication Staff Writer
Keywords and misspellings: CVD risk for children
heart disease Type 2 diabites plaque in artery heart disease diet fast
food convinence food