Stroke – Two strokes in Two Years double the risk of Dying Sooner - Mexican Americans at Risk

aStroke – Two strokes in Two Years double the risk of Dying Sooner - Mexican Americans at Risk

If a person that has survived a stroke has another stroke, they double their chances of dying in the next two years. Researchers from the University of Michigan Stroke Program also found that the fastest-growing groups of stroke sufferers in the United States are Mexican-American Latinos are more likely to suffer a second stroke within two years after they survived the first one.

The researchers stress to doctors how important “secondary prevention” is in survival rates of stroke survivors.

“This finding completes a picture that has been taking shape through research on ethnic differences in stroke,” said lead author Lynda Lisabeth, Ph.D. “We know that Mexican-Americans have a higher overall risk of stroke, tend to have strokes starting at younger ages, and generally have a better chance of surviving their first stroke, compared with non-Hispanic whites. Now, by finding this higher rate of recurrence, we have a better idea of the overall burden of stroke in this population.”

The researchers studied 1,345 people who had their first stroke from 2000 – 2004. The stroke patients were located in the southeastern coastal area near Corpus Christi, Texas. The demographics of this region have 53 percent of the surviving stroke patients that participated who are Mexican-Americans. Other Latino subgroups or African Americans were not researched in this study.

The researchers followed the participants and took notes on their demographics, any other health problems, and at the end of 2004 if they had a second stroke. At the 2004 survey they had 124 recurrent stroke patients. There were 417 deaths of the 1,311 stroke survivors that the data was available to include in the study.

The Mexican-American group had the highest risk compared to the white non-latino group. The risk of having a second stroke within 2 years was 11 percent if the were Mexican-American.

Both ethnic groups who suffered a second stroke within 2 years were at a 2.67 times higher risk from dying compared to those stroke survivors who did not have a second stroke in the time of the study.

The researchers want to better understand why Mexican Americans are at a higher risk, including lifestyle differences, other possible health problems, or genetics.

If a person suffers from even a mini stroke called a transient ischemic attack (TIA), you should make sure to consult with your doctor methods to reduce your risk for a second stroke. Ways to improve your overall health can include, quitting smoking, lowering elevated cholesterol levels, maintaining healthy blood pressure levels, eat healthy and exercise. If you have diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels can help.

Symptoms of a stroke include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, Inability to speak clearly or difficulty in comprehension, clumsiness, falling, or sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes. If any of these symptoms show up seek emergency medical care. The sooner a stroke can be treated the better chances for survival.



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