Why Do My Gums Hurt and Bleed?
Painful or bleeding gums can have many causes but usually indicate that you already have or are at high risk for developing gum disease. In most cases, plaque at the gum line is causing irritation of the gums. From there, more serious problems can develop.
When plaque is not removed from your teeth it hardens into tartar. Tartar is difficult to impossible to remove at home. When you have plaque and tartar at the gum line it causes inflammation called gingivitis, and from there can progress to periodontitis, a serious gum and jawbone disease.
Good dental hygiene is critical to avoiding bleeding and sore gums, but sometimes it is not enough. Brushing too hard and improper flossing methods can actually create or worsen the problem. Ill-fitting dentures can rub and irritate your gums. Other health issues can also cause your gums to bleed, including:
· Hormonal changes
· Vitamin K deficiency
· Blood disorders
If your gums ache or bleed you should talk to your dentist right away. Gum disease is progressive, and once it gets started, no amount of brushing and flossing will turn it around.
In the initial stages, gingivitis, the plaque and tartar can be removed at your dentist’s office during a routine cleaning.
As gum disease progresses, your gums, irritated by the plaque and tartar, begin to pull away from your teeth creating pockets. Bacteria grow in these pockets, preventing your gums from healing, and perpetuating the problem. There is no way for you to clean these pockets in your gums at home. Your dentist, however, can safely remove the bacteria and allow your gums to heal again. Tooth planning is a procedure used to remove the bacteria from between your teeth and gums. If left untreated, gum disease will begin destroying tissue and even your jawbone.
Once the health of your gums has been restored, gum recontouring can be used to restore the beauty of your gums. An uneven gum line can be corrected, and any excess gum tissue can be removed. If you have lost gum tissue due to gum disease, aging, or injury, the missing tissue can be replaced.
Bleeding, painful gums can signify a more serious underlying health problem, and should not be ignored. Your dentist can help you determine if the problem is dental in nature, or if you should seek further medical attention.
You don’t have to live with painful or bleeding gums. Please contact Art of the Smile in Atlanta, Georgia today for your personalized tooth and gum evaluation.