Type 2 Diabetes – Combination of Weight Training and Aerobic Exercise help Lower A1c Levels

Type 2 Diabetes – Combination of Weight Training and Aerobic Exercise help Lower A1c Levels

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(Best Syndication News) - Both weight training and aerobic exercise combined was helpful for lowering A1c levels in Type 2 Diabetes patients when comparing those that do physical activities. The benefits of lowering glycemic levels wasn't as good with those that did only one type of exercise and not the other. The HART-D trial study was conducted by Timothy S. Church, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., of Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana along with colleagues reported their findings in the November 24th issue of JAMA.

Most scientists will agree that exercise is important for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. These researchers wanted to know which exercise, aerobic, resistance (weight training) or both types of exercise would be the most beneficial to a person with type 2 diabetes.

Church and his colleagues conducted the HART-D trial study which had 262 sedentary men and women diagnosed with type 2 diabetes participate either in an aerobic training, resistance weight training, or a combination of both types to see if there would be lower A1c levels. These official name is HbA1c and is a measurement that tells what a persons blood glucose levels averaged over time. The participants were 63 percent women, 47.3 percent were non-white, average age 56 years old, had a HbA1c level of 7.7 percent, had diabetes mellitus diagnosis for 7.1 years.

The exercise study took place between April 2007 and August 2009. This 9 month exercise program had 41 participants that were told not to exercise and were the control group, 73 people were told to do resistance (weight) training, 72 were told to do aerobic exercise only, and 76 people were assigned a combination of aerobic and resistance training.

The most benefit was seen in the combination exercise group compared to the control group as they had a 0.34 percent absolute reduction in HbA1c levels. The resistance only group had an 0.16 percent reducuction of A1c levels and the aerobic only group was a 0.24 reduction, which the researchers said were not significant. The hypoglycemic medication given to the patients was increased by 39 percent in the control group, 32 percent in the resistance training group, 22 percent for the aerobic exercise group and 18 percent in the combination aerobic resistance exercise group.

Weight loss occurred in the combination group with an average of 3.7 pounds lost, while the resistance group lost an average of 3.1 pounds of fat mass. All exercise groups saw their waist reduce .75 to 1.1 inches compared against the control group.

Before beginning or changing exercise routines you should always consult a doctor especially if you have type 2 diabetes. Resistance training doesn't need to be done with weights, there are also resistance bands and other calisthenic exercises that will offer resistance such as push ups for example.

By: N Wilson

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