Vitamins and Nutrients report by CDC released - Vitamin D, Iodine, and Iron Deficiencies in US

vitamins - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released their 2nd National Report on Biochemical Indicators of Diet and Nutrition in the US Population. The report found that overall the nutrition in the US population is at good levels. However, some areas need some improvement – vitamin D, iodine, and iron.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency is higher in black Americans. The agency found 31 percent deficiency rate in Vitamin D in non-Hispanic blacks. Even though this group has lacking vitamin D levels, they tend to have greater bone density and less fractures. The vitamin D deficiency in Mexican-Americans was at 12 percent, while non-Hispanic whites were at only 3 percent.

Vitamin D is important for several reasons. It helps with building bones. Additionally, it can help make muscles stronger. Vitamin D may also protect against developing cancer and type 2 diabetes. There is research going on to determine if vitamin D offers these benefits and at what amounts.

Iodine

Women that are between the ages of 20-39 have iodine levels just slightly above the deficiency level. These women are of childbearing age and they are the ones that have the lowest levels among any other age group for women.

An Iodine deficiency can cause a mental retardation, hypothyroidism, goiter, cretinism, and a variety of other growth and developmental problems. Iodine is necessary for the thyroid hormone to function, which regulates human growth and development. The CDC also said that adequate amounts of Iodine are important for pregnant women, because it offers the best possible chance for the fetus’ brain to develop correctly during pregnancy.

Supplements

Iron

The CDC reported a higher rate of iron deficiency in Mexican-American children between the ages of one and five, with a rate of 11 percent. Non-Hispanic black had a 16 percent iron deficiency rate. Mexican-American women between the ages of 12 and 49 had a 13 percent rate for iron deficiency.

Conclusion

The CDC is tracking the fatty acids in blood levels. This includes that amount of saturated fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The new measurement will be used as a baseline for future comparisons.

The entire report is posted online at http://www.cdc.gov/nutritionreport/.

By: Marsha Quinn
Health Reporter

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