Study: Boys with ADHD have more problems as Adults

credit: National Cancer Institute Bill Branson (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - A 33-year follow-up study found that boys that were diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood grew up to have significantly worse outcomes with education, occupation, income, and social areas of their lives. The report was published in the Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry.

Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., of the Child Study Center at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York, and colleagues, studied the outcomes of adult men who were diagnosed as being ADHD around the age of 8 years old. The study involved 135 men who were diagnosed with ADHD in childhood and 136 men who were not diagnosed with ADHD.

The ADHD group had an average 2 ½ fewer years of education compared to the non-ADHD group. In the ADHD group, 31.1 percent of them did not finish high school. Comparatively, of the non-ADHD group, only at 4.4 percent did not get a high school diploma.

The researchers point out that higher education levels correlate to better occupations and elevated income. About 83.7 percent of the ADHD group were employed, but the difference in median annual salary was about $40,000 less compared to the non-ADHD group.

The ADHD group had a higher divorce rate than the non-ADHD group. Thirty-one percent of the ADHD men had been divorced at some point, while the non-ADHD men had a divorce rate of 11.8 percent.

Substance abuse problems were at 14.1 percent in ADHD men, compared to 5.1 percent in the non-ADHD group.

The men who had been diagnosed with ADHD as a child had more psychiatric hospitalizations and incarcerations when compared to the non-ADHD group.

The study did not go into other groups, such as women, ethnicity, and social groups. The ADHD men sampled were Caucasian and had average intellect.

By: Marsha Quinn
Health Reporter

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