Food and Nutrition

Childhood Obesity risk factor can be calculated at Birth

Credit: National Cancer Insitute (photographer unknown) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - Researchers have devised a method to calculate a baby’s chance of becoming obese during childhood. The risk factor is determined by the baby’s birth weight, the parent’s body mass index (BMI), how many people live in the household, the mother’s professional status, and if she smoked during pregnancy. The study was published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

The researchers developed this method to identify risk factors by analyzing information from 4,000 children in Finland that were followed starting in 1986. First, the researchers tried to determine genetic profiles that could predict obesity, but that failed to work. Then they looked at non-genetic information that was collected at the time of birth. The formula they finally developed worked in the Finnish cohort. So they tested the calculations using information collected in the US and Italy. With that data they were able to predict childhood obesity from the risk factors.

Mothers perceive Food and Chef more positively when Vegetables are served

Credit: National Cancer Institute Len Rizzi (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - While every mother knows that kids may complain about the vegetables on the plate, a study found that some mothers perceive vegetables as a better meal served by a more caring and loving person. Maybe over time, children too, will look forward to eating green beans and broccoli. The study involved interviewing 500 mothers in the United States to find out what they thought of meals served with vegetables and the people who prepared them.

The lead author, Brian Wansink, PhD, the John Dyson Professor of Marketing and Consumer Behavior at Cornell University, explained that only 23 percent of American dinners come with vegetables served with the main course.

Most people are aware of the health benefits of eating vegetables. However, if the preparer knew that their food was perceived as more desirable and the preparer was thought of as being more loving and caring, would they serve more meals with vegetables?

Cherry Tomato Recall announced for possible Salmonella Contamination

Food Label - credit: FDA

(Best Syndication News) - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced the voluntary recall of cherry tomatoes from Captial City Fruit, Inc that was shipped by Rio Queen Citrus Inc. The product may be contaminated with Salmonella. The cherry tomatoes were shipped on November 10 and Rio Queen Citrus Inc. received the produce on November 12. No illnesses were reported in association with this recall.

The recall involves certain lot numbers of the Capital Brand Clamshell Cherry Tomatoes, which were delivered to retail outlets between November 14th and November 18th.

Vitamin C Deficiency in Pregnant Mothers may affect Baby’s Brain Development

credit: National Cancer Institute Renee Comet (Photographer)

(Best Syndication News) - Vitamin C deficiency in expecting mothers can cause brain damage for the developing baby, according to a study from researchers at the University of Copenhagen. Giving the baby vitamin-C supplements after birth did not reverse the brain damage. The results were published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE.

Around 10 to 20 percent of all adults are estimated to have some level of vitamin-C deficiency. This study demonstrates the importance of women taking doctor-recommended vitamin supplements during pregnancy.

Poorer Children at higher risk for becoming Obese

Salad that looks like a face - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - Researcher from Rice University found that children living in poorer neighborhoods were at almost a 30 percent higher risk for becoming obese than children who were living in high-class neighborhoods. Another factor contributing to obesity risk was lower levels of education. The study did not investigate factors such as family composition or individual features.

Rice sociologists Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, director of the Kinder Institute for Urban Research's Urban Health Program, and Justin Denney, associate director of the program, investigated data collected on 17,530 children that were age 5. These children lived in 4,700 different neighborhoods nationwide. The researchers used factors such as socioeconomic status, maternal education, and television watching time to help determine their results.

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