Heart and Lung

FDA announces New Safety Concerns for Statins

Medication bottle - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - Cholesterol lowering medications prescribed by doctors have new important safety information announced by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These include not needing to do routine blood tests for liver enzymes, memory loss problems, increased diabetes risk, and muscle damage risk.

The FDA is advising health care professionals that routine blood tests for liver enzymes are no longer necessary because they did not prove to be helpful in preventing rare cases of serious liver injury that can happen when taking statins.

Memory loss, forgetting, and being confused have been reported as a side effect from some people taking statin medications. The memory loss was described as being “fuzzy.” The FDA said that the memory loss was reversible once the person stopped taking the medication.

Coronary Heart Disease not related to High Homocysteine Levels in Blood

Stethoscope - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - A study from the UK found that there was no association between high homocysteine levels in blood and coronary heart disease. The researchers concluded that lowering homocysteine by taking folate acid doesn't offer a reduced risk for developing heart disease.

Previous research suggested that having high amounts of homocysteine might be a risk factor related to coronary heart disease. This prompted Robert Clarke from the Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit at the University of Oxford and his colleagues to review data from 19 unpublished, and 86 published studies that led these researchers to conclude that lifelong moderate levels of homocysteine levels had no significant risk associated with a person developing coronary heart disease.

Majority of US Adults have Sodium Intake Higher than RDA

Sandwich - Credit National Cancer Institute photographer Daniel Sone - PD

(Best Syndication News) - The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC) reported that 90 percent of US adults consume too much sodium or salt daily. The bulk of the sodium comes from eating restaurant foods and certain grocery food items.

The CDC’s Vital Signs report declared that the 10 kinds of foods add up to over 40 percent of the daily sodium intake. The biggest culprit is breads, luncheon meats, pizzas, poultry, soups, cheeseburgers, sandwiches, cheese, pasta dishes, and meat dishes, and snack foods. The meat dishes can include meat loaf. The snack food items include food such as potato chips, pretzels, and popcorn. The sodium intake can continue to increase as the person eats multiple servings of the food daily, such as with bread.

Young Adults who Quit Smoking Improve Respiratory Problems within Weeks

Credit - National Cancer Institute Bill Branson (photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - A research study found that 18 to 24 year olds who quit smoking suffered less respiratory symptoms, with the greatest reduction in coughing.

Karen Calabro, DrPH and Alexander Prokhorov, MD, PhD, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, studied college students and analyzed the participants self-reported respiratory symptoms, such as coughing.

The college students participated in a smoking cessation program. The 18-24 year olds had smoked for 1-5 years with an average of 5 – 10 cigarettes daily prior to participation in the study. They had two groups, one that quit smoking successfully for two weeks or more, and the other group who failed to quit smoking. Those that quit smoking showed improvement on respiratory symptoms within weeks of quitting.

Heart Attacks that occur in early Morning Hours have higher Damage Risk

Clock - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - When a heart attack begins is correlated with the amount of damage that the heart muscle suffers according to a new study published in the November 17, 2011 online edition of Circulation Research. Minneapolis Heart Institute researchers studied human data to determine the extent of injury and if there was a relationship to the time of the onset of a heart attack.

The study's senior author Jay H. Traverse, MD, a cardiologist at the Minneapolis Heart Institute® at Abbott Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis and physician researcher with Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation explained that previous rodents studied suggested more damage occurred during an ischemia heart attack event depending on the time of day. The researchers wanted see if this was similar in humans.

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