Heart and Lung

Most Recent Stop-Smoking Ad Campaign boosts the number of Quitters

credit: National Cancer Institute Bill Branson (photographer)- PD

(Best Syndication News) - The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported a dramatic increase in people calling the quit helplines and visiting a federal government website to help them stop smoking. The CDC attributes the increase to the recent public service announcements featuring people with serious health conditions caused by smoking.

There were almost 200,000 more phone calls made to 1-800-QUIT-NOW, which helps connect people to state quitlines. There were also over 400,000 more unique visitors to www.smokefree.gov, which is a federal website that offers a step-by-step guide on how to quit smoking.

Taking Aspirin before Heart Surgery reduces risk of Acute Kidney Failure

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(Best Syndication News) - A study showed that patients who took aspirin for five days before heart surgery had reduced the amount of post-operative acute kidney failure by half. The research was presented this Sunday in Paris at the European Anaesthesiolgy Congress.

Professor Jianzhong Sun (MD, PhD), professor, and attending anaesthesiologist at Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University (Philadelphia, USA) presented the research. The study involved 3,219 patients that were split into two groups. One group included 2,247 patients who took aspirin five days before surgery. The second group included 972 patients that did not take aspirin before the operation. The aspirin takers had a reduction of acute renal failure when they underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), valve surgery or both. They had an acute renal failure rate of three in every 100 patients who had the heart surgery.

Eating a Diet lacking in Fiber puts Teens at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Credit: National Cancer Institute - Bill Branson (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - Teens are at a risk for developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes, because they do not eat enough dietary fiber, says researchers. The study found that 14-18 year old adolescents did not eat enough dietary fiber; they tended to have larger bellies, and their blood had increased inflammatory factors. The study was published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Dr. Norman Pollock, bone biologist at the Medical College of Georgia and the Institute of Public and Preventive Health at Georgia Health Sciences University and Dr. Samip Parikh, an internal medicine resident at GHS Health System, are co-first authors of this study.

Moderate Exercise may reduce Hypertension Risk for people with Family History

credit: National Cancer Institute Linda Bartlett (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - A new study found that people with parents who have high blood pressure had reduced their chance of developing hypertension themselves if they stayed physically active with moderate exercise on a regular basis. The study was published in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension.

Previous research demonstrated an associated inherited risk for developing hypertension. Researchers from the University of South Carolina Columbia investigated the relationship of physical exercise and the risk reduction for developing hypertension in families that have the high blood pressure problem present.

Dwelling next to Highway reduces Survival Rate after Heart Attack

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(Best Syndication News) - A study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center found that people who survived a heart attack and lived less than 328 feet from a highway had a 27 percent increased death risk within 10 years compared to survivors that lived over 3280 feet from the major roadway. The US Environmental Protection Agency and the National Institute of Environmental Health Science funded this study.

Murray Mittleman, MD, DrPH, a physician in the CardioVascular Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and director of BIDMC's cardiovascular epidemiological research program reasons that air pollution and noise could play a role in the increased death risk.

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