Mind

Study: Boys with ADHD have more problems as Adults

credit: National Cancer Institute Bill Branson (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - A 33-year follow-up study found that boys that were diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood grew up to have significantly worse outcomes with education, occupation, income, and social areas of their lives. The report was published in the Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry.

Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D., of the Child Study Center at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York, and colleagues, studied the outcomes of adult men who were diagnosed as being ADHD around the age of 8 years old. The study involved 135 men who were diagnosed with ADHD in childhood and 136 men who were not diagnosed with ADHD.

Elderly Women’s Brains function better with Daily Low Dose Aspirin Regimen

Aspirin - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - Brain function declined less in elderly women who took a daily low-dose aspirin. These women, who were also at a high risk for heart disease, had less mental decline compared to women who did not take the daily aspirin. The study results were published in the online journal BMJ Open.

The researchers suggest that inflammation associated with heart disease may also influence the way the brain ages.

In the study, 681 women between 70 and 92 were investigated. Out of these women, 601 were at a high risk for having heart disease or a stroke. Their risk was at a 10 percent rate or higher, based on the Framingham scale.

Benzodiazepine associated with higher risk of dementia for people over 65

credit: National Cancer Institute Daniel Sone (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - A study found that people over 65 who start taking benzodiazepine are at a 50 percent increased risk for developing dementia within 15 years compared to people who never took the anxiety and insomnia medication. The study was published in bmj.com today.

Benzodiazepine is prescribed to people over 65 in France at a rate of 30 percent, in Canada at 20 percent, and in Spain at 15 percent. In the UK and US it is prescribed less often, however, many patients have continued to take the medication for years even though the prescribing guidelines suggests to limit the medication. Other studies have found increased risk for dementia, while other study results did not see the risk.

Aubagio (teriflunomide) Multiple Sclerosis drug gains FDA approval

Prescription bottle - BSN

(Best Syndication News) - The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Aubagio (teriflunomide) to treat relapsing types of multiple sclerosis in adults. The treatment is a once-a-day tablet.

The clinical trial results showed around a 30 percent lower rate of relapse in multiple sclerosis patients taking Aubagio compared to a placebo. The side effects reported from Aubagio included diarrhea, abnormal liver test, nausea, and hair loss.

There will be a Boxed Warning that will notify the patient and the doctors about the possibility of liver problems, a risk of death, and a risk for birth defects. Because of liver problems, doctors are instructed to test the blood periodically and when starting Aubagio for liver function. The Boxed Warning also has been flagged for possibly causing fetal harm because of animal studies that demonstrated this problem. Women of childbearing age have to have a negative pregnancy test before starting Aubagio and they have to use a birth control during the treatment.

Cocoa consumption might improve Memory Function in Elderly

Credit: National Cancer Institute Renee Comet (Photographer) - PD

(Best Syndication News) - A study found that eating cocoa flavanols on a daily basis might help to improve mild cognitive impairment such as memory loss. The study results were published in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension.

Flavonols are compounds that naturally occur in apples, tea, grapes, red wine, and cocoa. Other research has suggested that consumption of flavonols might reduce the risk of developing dementia.

One theory as to why flavonols may benefit the brain is that they could help improve blood flow. Another idea is that flavonols might work within the brain structure and thereby preserving function and neurons. The idea is that the flavonols might improve metabolism and may help with the molecular structure that is involved with memory.

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