Obesity Doubles Childs
Risk of Diabetes - Study Found Half of the Children are Twice as likely
to become Diabetic
A new study says that overweight children are twice as likely to develop
diabetes as normal weight children. Although few children in the study
had diabetes, their risk factors were “very high”.
The study included 1,740 eighth-graders from 12 U.S. schools. They
found that half of the children were either overweight or on the verge
of becoming overweight. Being overweight is one of the primary risk
factors for type-2 diabetes.
Of these children, 41 percent had elevated blood sugar levels and 36
percent had high levels of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps
process blood sugar. High insulin and blood sugar levels signal that
the body is becoming resistant to insulin. This is a precursor to
type-2 diabetes. These tests were taken after fasting.
Type-2 diabetes has often been associated with older adults. This study
concerns the researchers because the same diabetic risk factors are now
showing up in children. The study included a large number of Hispanic
and Native American children. These are ethnic groups that have a
particularly high rate of type 2 diabetes, according to Reuters. These
children also had the highest fasting blood sugar levels.
The study did not make a distinction between type-2 and type-1 diabetes,
according to the Ivanhoe website, but it does give extra ammunition to
groups that want to ban soft drink vending machines from schools. The
earlier children develop diabetes the earlier they develop the serious
complications associated with the disease. These complications include
heart disease, kidney failure and nerve damage.
Sodas contain high fructose corn syrup. According to the Active.com
website, “our bodies treat high fructose corn syrup more like a fat than
a sugar”. They think it may even trigger metabolic changes, tricking us
to eat more and store more fat. According to Peter Havel, a nutrition
researcher at the University of California, Davis, who has studied the
metabolic effects of fructose, several hormones involved in the
regulation of body weight do not respond to fructose as they do to other
types of sugars, such as glucose.
The experts agree that the diets of kids should include healthier
foods. Kids “should return to physical activity at school,” according
to study co-author Dr. Francine Kaufman of Children's Hospital Los
We received this
comment on this article February 7th:
unfortunately mischaracterizes high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a
natural product derived from U.S. corn fields, by suggesting that the
body processes it differently than other nutritive sweeteners. We
agree that obesity and diabetes are serious health concerns and think
it is important for consumers to have science-based information to
make educated choices.
There is no
research specifically conducted on HFCS showing that "our bodies treat
high fructose corn syrup more like a fat than a sugar." Several
researchers who have studied the effects of fructose claim that the
body processes HFCS differently than other sugars due to the fructose
content. Conclusions from these studies cannot be extrapolated to HFCS.
That is because the studies looked at the effects of fructose
approximately equal ratios of fructose and glucose. Table sugar also
contains equal ratios of fructose and glucose. As noted by the Food
and Drug Administration in 1996, "the saccharide composition (glucose
to fructose ratio) of HFCS is approximately the same as that of honey,
invert sugar and the disaccharide sucrose (or table sugar)."
The absence of
glucose makes pure fructose fundamentally different from HFCS. This is
because glucose has been shown to have a tempering effect on specific
metabolic effects of fructose. Once the combination of glucose and
fructose found in HFCS and sucrose are absorbed into the blood stream,
the two types of sweetener appear to be metabolized similarly using
well-characterized metabolic pathways.
HFCS can be enjoyed
as part of a balanced diet. In 1983, the FDA listed HFCS as "Generally
Recognized as Safe" (known as GRAS status) for use in food, and
reaffirmed that ruling in 1996. According to the American Dietetic
Association, "Consumers can safely enjoy a range of nutritive and
nonnutritive sweeteners when consumed in a diet that is guided by
current federal nutrition recommendations ... as well as individual
Corn Refiners Association
1701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20006
By Dan Wilson
Best Syndication Staff Writer
Books on Pregnancy
Keywords and misspellings: priatal prenatal pre-natal