Benefit From Nitric Oxide In First Hours of Birth - Some Babies With Low
Birth Weight Have Improved Lung and Brain Function
July 26th 2006
New research shows that when nitric oxide is given to some premature
babies within the first 48 hour of life the risk for brain and lung
damage is lowered. This is the first time a large study has shown a
therapy can lower these risks, according to researchers from the
National Institutes of Health (NIH).
The NIH Director, Elias A Zerhouni MD said “Medical science has
dramatically improved our ability to help very small and premature
babies survive. But as the rate of premature births continues to rise,
it is even more critical that we develop ways to prevent many of the
complications related to prematurity so that these children can lead
healthy, robust lives."
The results form a combined randomized study of 1,400 very low
birthweight premature infants demonstrated that when given within the
first few weeks of life, inhaled nitric oxide helps prevent chronic lung
disease in some low birthweight premature infants.