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Male Circumcision Can Lower HIV Infection Rate - Could Save Millions of Lives By Lowering Risk of Contracting AIDS

Male Circumcision Can Lower HIV Infection Rate - Could Save Millions of Lives By Lowering Risk of Contracting AIDS

AIDS Reduction Possible

World Health Organization (WHO) researchers say that male circumcision could reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV.  Last year, a South African trial suggested that circumcision could reduce the risk for men becoming infected with AIDS by 60 to 65 percent.  The researchers say that if all men were circumcised, two million infections and around 300,000 deaths could be prevented over the next 10 years. 

Two other studies are being conducted to confirm the benefit. In a report Monday, the World Health Organization researchers reported that if fewer men were infected there would be fewer female infections.  Complete Article


AIDS - Possible to Manufacture T-cells From Embryonic Stem Cells - UCLA Scientists Say Gene Therapy May Be Used To Fight HIV

AIDS - Possible to Manufacture T-cells From Embryonic Stem Cells - UCLA Scientists Say Gene Therapy May Be Used To Fight HIV

T-cells

Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have been able “coax” stem cells into becoming T-cells.  T-cells are a type of white blood cell that plays a crucial role in the immune system.

The scientists say that if T-cells could be manufactured this could provide a powerful weapon against AIDS and other immune disorders and diseases.  At the core of their research are the stem cells which have the ability to transform themselves into a variety of cells. 

First the scientists cultured human embryonic stem cells.  These cells were then incubated on mouse bone marrow support cells, which in turn converted them into blood forming cells.  They then injected the cells a human thymus gland that had been implanted into a mouse. 


States Buying Anti-Viral Drugs In Case of Avian Flu Pandemic - Federal Government to Negotiate Directly With Roche For Tamiflu - Bird Flu

States Buying Anti-Viral Drugs In Case of Avian Flu Pandemic - Federal Government to Negotiate Directly With Roche For Tamiflu - Bird Flu

Chickens

Many states are working out a deal with the Federal government in an effort to save money on Tamilfu.  The State of New York is spending about $18 million on Tamilfu and $5 million on Relenza.  This is after the state received a C+ grade from the American College of Emergency Physicians in January for not being prepared for the bird flu.  The C+ rating is still better than the C- rating given to the nation as a whole.

The potential disaster caused by the bird flu, if it mutates, could overwhelm the emergency and hospital systems.  Mark Johnson of the Associate Press points out that the purchase of the antiviral drugs is only part of the solution. 

The director of the National Center for Disaster Preparedness at Columbia University's Joseph L. Mailman School of Public Health, Dr. Irwin Redlener, believes this is just part of a larger strategy. Most of the nation is unprepared according to the report.


West Nile Virus (WNV) Symptoms Include Fever Nausea Muscle Weakness and More - List of States Where Human Infections Are Located

West Nile Virus (WNV) Symptoms Include Fever Nausea Muscle Weakness and More - List of States Where Human Infections Are Located

Mosquito

This is the beginning of West Nile Virus (WNV) season and human cases have been identified in Idaho, Texas, Colorado and Mississippi.  Cases involving other animals have been identified in most of the other states. 

The West Nile Virus could be considered a new phenomenon.  It was first discovered in a febrile adult woman in the West Nile District of Uganda in 1937.  Later it became apparent the virus was responsible for severe meningitis and encephalitis in elderly patients in Israel in 1957.  Since then it has spread throughout Africa, Europe, the Middle East, west and central Asia, Oceania (subtype Kunjin), and most recently, North America.


Hepatitis C Virus could help stop replication if taking Statin Drugs along with Interferon

Hepatitis C Virus could help stop replication if taking Statin Drugs along with Interferon

Hepatitis C Virus

A study recently published in the July 2006 issue of Hepatology, found that taking cholesterol lowering statins could help slow down the replication of the hepatitis C virus (HCV).  The standard treatment today is to use ribavirin along with interferon.  With these new findings statins may be an alternative treatment that could replace ribavirin in the current therapy.

Hepatitis C virus infects has infected around 170 million people worldwide.  The current therapy with interferon and ribavirin which will only help around 55 percent of the cases the remaining cases can develop cirrhosis and liver cancer.


Bird Flu – Human to Human Transmission of H5N1 virus confirmed

Bird Flu – Human to Human Transmission of H5N1 virus confirmed

Rooster

Scientists have confirmed its first laboratory case of human-to-human transmission of an Indonesian man who died after catching the H5N1 bird flu virus from his 10 year old son.  The World Health Organization (WHO) said this Friday, that this as an unusual family cluster.

According to a report in the International Herald Tribune, WHO scientists have also noted that the H5N1 virus has mutated slightly when the disease was present in the son.  WHO says that it does not mean that it would become easily spread between humans.  The Indonesian cluster at this time is considered insignificant.  Bird Flu – Human to Human Transmission of H5N1 virus confirmed


Possible Cow to Cow Transmission of Mad Cow Disease In Texas and Alabama - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy BSE

Possible Cow to Cow Transmission of Mad Cow Disease In Texas and Alabama - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy BSE

Health

New cases of Mad Cow Disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy or BSE) have appeared in cows in Texas and Alabama.  These cases appear to be an atypical form of the disease.  Scientists believe it may be a new strain of the disease that can be passed from cow to cow. 

Scientists theorize that cows pick up BSE, a cellular prion protein (prions are smaller than viruses), from their feed.  In this case however, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has confirmed the existence of a rare strain and researchers are still unsure how the disease was transferred. 

"It's most important right now, till the science tells us otherwise, that we treat this as BSE regardless," the Agriculture Department's chief veterinarian, John Clifford, said.  According to FoodConsumer.org, laboratory studies on mice showed that both the classic and atypical strains could be spread from one animal to another.  Possible Cow to Cow Transmission of Mad Cow Disease In Texas and Alabama - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy BSE


West Nile Virus Symptoms - Methods For Reducing Risk Of Exposure to Mosquitoes - Bug Repellant - Magnets - Bug Zappers - Nets

West Nile Virus Symptoms - Methods For Reducing Risk Of Exposure to Mosquitoes - Bug Repellant - Magnets - Bug Zappers - Nets

Blood Filled Mosquito

This is the beginning of the mosquito season and West Nile Virus (WNV) cases are expected this year again. The virus was first discovered in a febrile adult woman in the West Nile District of Uganda in 1937.  Later it became apparent that the virus was responsible for cases of severe meningitis and encephalitis in elderly patients in Israel in 1957.  Since then it has spread to temperate regions of Africa, Europe, the Middle East, west and central Asia, Oceania (subtype Kunjin) and North America (since 1999).

The most serious manifestation of the WNV infection is fatal encephalitis.  Encephalitis is a condition where the brain swells.  Not everyone that contracts the virus will get severe symptoms.  Only about one in 150 people infected with WNV will develop a severe illness.  These symptoms include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness and paralysis.  Symptoms develop between 3 and 14 days after infection.  West Nile Virus Symptoms - Methods For Reducing Risk Of Exposure to Mosquitoes - Bug Repellant - Magnets - Bug Zappers - Nets


Oprah's Show Tells Viewers How to Prepare For Bird Flu Pandemic - Winfrey Interviews Avian Influenza Expert Doctor

Oprah's Show Tells Viewers How to Prepare For Bird Flu Pandemic - Winfrey Interviews Avian Influenza Expert Doctor

Influenza Virus

The Oprah Winfrey show concerning the bird flu re-ran again Saturday night after the local news.  It was an eye opening conversation with Dr. Michael Osterholm.  He is an infectious disease expert from the University of Minnesota.  Osterholm told the audience that “there really are, in a sense, three different kinds of influenza viruses.  There is that which naturally lives in wild birds. That virus doesn't really hurt us very often."

The second type is the seasonal flu which kills 36,000 people a year in the US.  The third type is the one experts are worried about.  This is the flu that may infect both birds and humans.  According to Osterholm, “That's when we see a pandemic, or a worldwide epidemic.  And that's what we worry about."

Viruses are different from bacteria.  They are smaller and require a host cell to reproduce.  Most scientists believe viruses are not living things, but exist as a protein coat or capsid, sometimes enclosed in a membrane.  According to UC Berkley researchers, viruses insert their genetic material into host cells, causing the host cell to reproduce more viruses.  In some cases, viruses may remain dormant before they are stimulated.  Oprah's Show Tells Viewers How to Prepare For Bird Flu Pandemic - Winfrey Interviews Avian Influenza Expert Doctor 


Oprah’s TV show about the Bird Flu – How to Prepare for the Pandemic

Oprah’s TV show about the Bird Flu – How to Prepare for the Pandemic

3M's N95
Respirator Mask

Oprah Winfrey will have an informative show on May 30th in which she will discuss about the bird flu.  At this time the Bird Flu has not spread easily from human to human, however experts are warning to be prepared in the event that it does become a pandemic.

In Indonesia there is a family that has caught the bird flu which has been called a H5N1 cluster.  There were a total of 8 people infected with 7 people in the family dying.   There was not a direct link to infected birds; however the H5N1 virus did not mutate either.  The spread of the bird flu does not seem to have happened at this time beyond the immediate family which has kept the alert level for this pandemic at a 3 rating.  If the World Health Organization declares a pandemic it is at a 6 rating.  Oprah’s TV show about the Bird Flu – How to Prepare for the Pandemic


Treatment and Prevention of Shingles - Combination of Viral Drugs May Treat Shingles and New Drug May Prevent It - Shingles Symptoms

Treatment and Prevention of Shingles - Combination of Viral Drugs May Treat Shingles and New Drug May Prevent It - Shingles Symptoms

Shingles

Researchers say that a combination of antiviral drug medications will reduce nerve pain following a shingles infection.  The study, led by Dianna Quan, MD and her colleagues at the University of Colorado and Health Sciences Center, Denver, administered the antiviral therapy to 15 patients (12 men and three women). 

The participants received 10 milligrams of the medication acyclovir intravenously every eight hours for 14 days and then took three 1,000-milligram pills of the medication valacyclovir every day for one month.  The patients were asked to rate their pain from a scale of zero to 10, both before and after the treatment, and than again a month after finishing the valacyclovir therapy.  Treatment and Prevention of Shingles - Combination of Viral Drugs May Treat Shingles and New Drug May Prevent It - Shingles Symptoms


Bird Flu Threat Spurs Companies and States to Prepare For Avian H5N1 Influenza Pandemic

Bird Flu Threat Spurs Companies and States to Prepare For Avian H5N1 Influenza Pandemic

Avian Flu Pandemic

Marlton, N.J. - Although the jury is still out on the likelihood and potential severity of an outbreak of bird flu among humans in the United States, some companies and states are playing it safe now in the event the disease migrates to our country sooner than later.

IBM announced on May 15 a new cooperative effort with health authorities to use technology it developed to stem the spread of bird flu and other infectious diseases. As part of the effort, IBM will donate software that enables health experts in different countries to share data, track the geographic spread of diseases, and predict how the bird flu virus might mutate into a form that is deadlier to people, according to the San Jose Mercury News.

Participants in the Global Pandemic Initiative include the World Health Organization, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and businesses and universities.  Bird Flu Threat Spurs Companies and States to Prepare For Avian H5N1 Influenza Pandemic


Gardisil HPV Vaccine Approved By FDA Panel - May Prevent Cervical Cancer - Approval Could Prevent Most Common Sexual Virus

Gardisil HPV Vaccine Approved By FDA Panel - May Prevent Cervical Cancer - Approval Could Prevent Most Common Sexual Virus

HPV Virus

A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel recommended approval (13 to 0 vote) of the first vaccine to fight cancer.  The vaccine, Gardisil (quadrivalent human papillomavirus types 6, 11, 16, 18, recombinant vaccine), is a vaccine that can be used against the human papilloma virus (HPV) which has been linked to cervical cancer.  The FDA is not required to follow the advice of its panels, but they usually do.  A decision on approval by the FDA is expected by June 8.

Gardisil, manufactured by Merck, is a vaccine that is most effective in women before they become sexually active.  It is hoped the vaccine will help prevent hundreds of thousands of women from dying worldwide of cervical cancer.  According to the University of Alabama at Birmingham, it is estimated that 450,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer annually and 200,000 women die each year from the disease.  Other sources say the number of deaths might be as high as 300,000 per year.  In the U.S. approximately 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, resulting in 4,500 deaths each year.  Gardisil HPV Vaccine Approved By FDA Panel - May Prevent Cervical Cancer - Approval Could Prevent Most Common Sexual Virus


Possible Human To Human Transmission of Bird Flu In Indonesia - Cluster - Stock Up On Disaster Supplies Recommended By US Authorities

Possible Human To Human Transmission of Bird Flu In Indonesia - Cluster - Stock Up On Disaster Supplies Recommended By US Authorities

WHO Threat Chart

The World Health Organization (WHO) has not ruled out human-to-human transmission in a recent outbreak of the H5N1 avian flu.  Six family members have died since they met at a family gathering on April 29th, while a seventh victim is still alive.  This is the largest cluster of cases, closely related in time and place, reported to date. 

The researchers are not sure how the initial case was contracted.   Almost all human H5N1 cases have been linked to close contact with sick or dead birds.  The WHO speculates that these cases may have been due to a “shared environmental exposure”.  Possible Human To Human Transmission of Bird Flu In Indonesia - Cluster - Stock Up On Disaster Supplies Recommended By US Authorities


New Antibiotic May Treat MRSA and VRE – Compound Found in South African Soil Could Kill Hospital SuperBug Infections  

New Antibiotic May Treat MRSA and VRE – Compound Found in South African Soil Could Kill Hospital SuperBug Infections

Staph

Researchers believe that a specific compound taken from bacteria found in the soil of South Africa, may be a cure or treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).  The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says that 130,000 people each year are treated in the hospital for MRSA. 

Merck scientists discovered by looking at various compounds from around the world.  ABC News recently reported that scientists tested the newly discovered soil bacteria compound on mice infected with staph.  It cleared their infections, and left the mice with no toxic side effects.  Merck scientist Stephen M. Soisson told the Associated Press “We screened over 250,000 extracts that came from things isolated all the way around the world."  New Antibiotic May Treat MRSA and VRE – Compound Found in South African Soil Could Kill Hospital SuperBug Infections  


Businesses View ABC Fatal Contact: Bird Flu in America Movie As A Preview of Pandemic

Businesses View ABC Fatal Contact: Bird Flu in America Movie As A Preview of Pandemic

Fatal Contact Movie

Marlton, NJ - Although an upcoming ABC movie on the bird flu virus is a Hollywood tale, a real outbreak may not be far removed from the reel version airing May 9, notes one readiness expert.

"Viruses mutate and if this one does it will join the human flu virus, change its genetic code and emerge as a new and deadly flu that can spread through the air from human to human. If the virus does mutate, it does not necessarily mean it will be as deadly to people as it is to birds. But private citizens, the government, businesses, schools and hospitals must prepare for the worst," says Stephen Guarino, CEO of Global Protection in Marlton, N.J.

The avian influenza virus currently is confined to birds. It can, however, be transmitted to humans, but only if people come into direct contact with the droppings and excretions of infected birds.   Businesses View ABC Fatal Contact: Bird Flu in America Movie As A Preview of Pandemic


Bird Flu movie - “Fatal Contact – Bird Flu in America” ABC presents Movie on May 9th

Bird Flu movie - “Fatal Contact – Bird Flu in America” ABC presents Movie on May 9th

The Great Influenza by John M. Barry

With ratings competition between the networks this May, there is one sure rating winner with ABC’s movie called “Fatal Contact – Bird Flu in America”.  The 2 hour movie will premiere on Tuesday, May 9th during primetime.

The movie is based on the Avian Flu that originated from Hong Kong and the H5N1 virus mutates so that it becomes transmittable from human to human.  It is a dramatic representation of what might happen to society and day to day lives of people if it became contagious.  Stars in the movie are as follows:  Joely Richardson, Stacy Keach, Ann Cusack, Justina Machado, Scott Cohen and David Ramsey. 

The movie script writers consulted with John M. Barry, who is a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at Tulane University and the author of "The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History."  In his book, he discusses the 1918 Spanish Flu which killed around 50 -100 million people.  He has since added an afterward in this book addressing the concern for today’s potential threat.  Bird Flu movie - “Fatal Contact – Bird Flu in America” ABC presents Movie on May 9th


Bubonic Plague found in Woman from Los Angeles

Bubonic Plague found in Woman from Los Angeles

Painting of Bubonic Plague in Europe

The Bubonic Plague infected a woman from central Los Angeles area.  According to local health officials this is the first case of bubonic plague in Los Angeles County since 1984.  Bubonic Plague is well known for causing killing approximately 25 million people in Europe from 1346 – 1351.

The woman was first admitted to the hospital on April 13th.  She was running fever and had swollen lymph nodes along with other symptoms.  A blood test confirmed the diagnosis of Bubonic plague and was given antibiotics.  The family members were given precautionary antibiotics just in case they may get the plague. 

According to local report on ABC 7 Los Angeles TV station, the health officials are puzzled as to why the lady got infected with the plaque.  The health officials suspect that a squirrel in the neighborhood could be contaminated.  She may have been bitten by a flea that was carrying the Bubonic plague. Bubonic Plague found in Woman from Los Angeles


Bird Flu Pandemic – President Bush will soon approve an Emergency Response Plan

Bird Flu Pandemic – President Bush will soon approve an Emergency Response Plan

Birds

The infected H5N1 birds are anticipated to arrive in the United States in the next couple of months.  The US government is putting together a plan of action in the event that the deadly H5N1 virus becomes transmitted from human to human causing a pandemic and potentially killing millions of Americans.

The response plan has not yet been approved by President Bush who was presented the documents in a briefing on March 17th.  It is expected that President Bush will have an approval within a week.  At this time there are over 300 tasks that are assigned to federal agencies if the pandemic occurs.  According to a report on WCCO some of the listed major tasks have been revealed to the news agencies.  Bird Flu Pandemic – President Bush will soon approve an Emergency Response Plan


Mumps Spread in Midwestern States – CDC investigates Airline Travel Warns of the Possible Spread

Mumps Spread in Midwestern States – CDC investigates Airline Travel Warns of the Possible Spread

Child with Mumps Swollen Cheek

There is a mumps epidemic in Iowa and it is spreading to neighboring states.  There is an estimated 515 suspected cases of mumps according to state health officials.  The disease has shown signs of spreading to six nearby states.  This is the first serious outbreak in the United States in 20 years.

Totals for mumps cases reported by the Center for Disease Control as of this Monday are as follows:  Nebraska 43 people, Kansas 33 people, Illinois 4 people, Missouri 4 people, Wisconsin 4 people and Minnesota 1 person.  Mumps Spread in Midwestern States – CDC investigates Airline Travel Warns of the Possible Spread


Bausch and Lomb Product Linked Fusarium Keratitis Eye Infections -  Fungal Symptoms and Treatments - No Recall on ReNu with MoistureLoc

Bosch and Lomb Product Linked Fusarium Keratitis Eye Infections -  Fungal Symptoms and Treatments - No Recall Yet on ReNu with MoistureLoc

Eye Infection

Bausch & Lomb’s ReNu with MoistureLoc has been pulled from the shelves of Walgreen’s, Rite Aid and Wal-Mart after the news reported that this may be the source of the recent eye fungus outbreak.  The eye infections were first spotted in China, but have now spread to 17 states in the US.

Although Bausch and Lomb has not issued a recall, they have suspended shipments of the popular cleaning solution.  Their stock dropped more yesterday than anytime in last five years, even though the fungus infection is considered rare.  Health care professionals warn that as the weather warms up there may be more fungal infections. Bausch and Lomb Product Linked Fusarium Keratitis Eye Infections -  Fungal Symptoms and Treatments - No Recall on ReNu with MoistureLoc


Xylitol Chewing Gum gaining in Popularity – Prevents Tooth Decay

Xylitol Chewing Gum gaining in Popularity – Prevents Tooth Decay

Xylitol Chewing Gum

First researched in Finland, Xylitol has shown in numerous studies to prevent tooth decay.  Other research conducted in Brazil and Michigan also show that Xylitol in chewing gum helps to prevent cavities.  Xylitol is a found in plants, trees, fruits and vegetables.  The more the chewing gum contains Xylitol, the better the benefits to preventing cavities.

The benefits to chewing gum with Xylitol are many.  It helps to prevent tooth decay.  It will replace minerals in the tooth decayed lesions.  It reduces the number of cavities and reduces the amount of plaque build-up on teeth.  Chewing gum with Xylitol will increase saliva production preventing dryness in the mouth.  Xylitol Chewing Gum gaining in Popularity – Prevents Tooth Decay


Fear of MRSA Staph Infections May Help Boost Home Gym Sales

Fear of MRSA Staph Infections May Help Boost Home Gym Sales

MRSA Super Bug

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) was once a disease reserved for Convalescent and Assisted Care facilities.  Today staph infections have become more common in gyms, locker rooms, whirlpools and from weightlifting equipment. 

Last April defensive tackle for the Washington Redskins, Brandon Noble, was sidelined with the infection.  According to doctors, if he had waited another 24 hours he could have died or lost a limb.  His story was recently featured on an ABC News segment about MRSA. 

MRSA usually enter the body from a cut or small scratch.  The area may become red and then the infected individual will experience flu like symptoms including intense pain.  Fear of MRSA Staph Infections May Help Boost Home Gym Sales


A New Study Says a Virus Can Cause Obesity – Adenovirus Ad-37 May Make People Fat

A New Study Says a Virus Can Cause Obesity – Adenovirus Ad-37 May Make People Fat

Adenovirus

A Virus may be responsible for obesity in some people.  Researchers have found that adenovirus AD-37 causes obesity in chickens.  This finding builds on studies that two related viruses,Ad-36 and Ad-5, cause obesity in animals.  Lead researcher Leah D. Whigham said "Adipogenic potential of multiple human adenoviruses in vivo and in vitro in animals," in the January issue of the American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology published by the American Physiological Society.

There seems to be an “accumulating evidence” that viruses may cause obesity, in effect making obesity contagious, according Leah.  The researchers now say “Eat right, exercise, and wash your hands”. 

These three viruses, Ad-37, Ad-36 and Ad-5 are part of a family of approximately 50 viruses know as human adenoviruses.  Adenoviruses were first discovered in 1953 by investigators trying to establish cell-lines from adenoidal tissue of children removed during tonsillectomy.  A New Study Says a Virus Can Cause Obesity – Adenovirus Ad-37 May Make People Fat


Yogurt bacteria may help prevent AIDS and HIV Transmission

Yogurt bacteria may help prevent AIDS and HIV Transmission

Yogurt

Nature magazine reported that yogurt bacteria may be helpful in blocking HIV transmission according to researchers in the US and the UK.  The original research paper was reported in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

Scientists at Brown Medical School in Rhode Island, and UK’s Food Research Institute used genetically altered yogurt bacterium, Lactococcus lactis, and made cyanovirin which was shown to stop HIV infection in the cells of monkeys and in humans.  Yogurt bacteria may help prevent AIDS and HIV Transmission

 

 
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Copyright 2005 Best Syndication                                            Last Updated Sunday, July 11, 2010 01:18 AM